Asphalt Shingle Basics
Asphalt shingles are a popular type of roofing material used in residential construction. Made from a combination of asphalt, fiberglass, and mineral granules, asphalt shingles are known for their durability, affordability, and ease of installation.
There are two main types of asphalt shingles: three-tab and architectural. Three-tab shingles are the more traditional option, with a flat, uniform appearance. They are made from a single asphalt layer and are less expensive than architectural shingles.
Architectural shingles, also known as dimensional or laminate shingles, have a more textured, layered appearance. They are made from multiple layers of asphalt and often have a thicker, more durable construction than three-tab shingles. While they are generally more expensive than three-tab shingles, they also tend to last longer and provide better protection against the elements.
Asphalt shingles are a popular roofing choice for several reasons. They are relatively inexpensive compared to other roofing materials, and they come in a wide range of colors and styles to match any home’s aesthetic. They are also relatively easy to install, making them a popular choice for DIY roofing projects.
When choosing a roofing material, it is recommended to consider factors such as climate, budget, and desired aesthetic. Asphalt shingles are a versatile and durable option that can provide reliable protection for many years.
Types of Asphalt Shingles
Asphalt shingles are a popular roofing material due to their affordability, durability, and ease of installation. Several types of asphalt shingles are available on the market, each with unique features and benefits.
Three-tab or strip shingles are the most basic type of asphalt shingle. They are made from a single asphalt layer and have a uniform appearance. Three-tab shingles are the most affordable option and are often used on budget-friendly homes or rental properties.
Architectural laminated or laminate shingles are a step up from three-tab shingles. They are made from multiple layers of asphalt and have a textured, dimensional appearance. Architectural shingles are more durable than three-tab shingles and can last up to 30 years or more.
Luxury shingles, or designer shingles, are the highest-quality asphalt shingles available. They are made from premium materials and have a more elaborate design than other shingles. Luxury shingles can mimic the look of natural materials such as slate or wood and last up to 50 years or more.
Fiberglass shingles are made from a fiberglass mat coated with asphalt and mineral fillers. They are lightweight, fire-resistant, and more environmentally friendly than organic mat-based shingles. Fiberglass shingles are available in three-tab and architectural styles.
Organic shingles are made from a base mat of organic materials such as felt or wood pulp coated with asphalt and mineral fillers. They are heavier and more durable than fiberglass shingles but are less fire-resistant. Organic shingles are available in three-tab and architectural styles.
Freddy & Son Roofing is a reputable roofing company that offers installation and repair services for all types of asphalt shingles. They can help homeowners choose the right type of shingle for their needs and budget and ensure that it is installed correctly for maximum longevity and performance.
Asphalt shingles are a composite product made from a variety of materials. The primary component is asphalt, a water-resistant ingredient that provides durability and toughness to the shingle. The asphalt used in shingles is an end-product of oil refining and is processed to a higher degree of toughness than road asphalt.
The shingle’s base material can be either fiberglass or organic. Fiberglass mat-based shingles are more popular and widely used than organic mat-based shingles. Fiberglass shingles are made from a glass fiber mat coated with asphalt and then covered with mineral granules. Organic shingles are made from an organic felt paper saturated with asphalt and then coated with mineral granules.
The mineral granules on the shingle’s surface protect from the sun’s UV rays and give the shingle its color. The granules can be made from various materials, including mica, slate, dolomite, fly ash, silica, and clay.
In addition to the base material and mineral granules, shingles can also include other materials. For example, some shingles may have a copper coating to prevent moss and algae growth. Other shingles may have ceramic granules for added durability and aesthetic appeal.
Overall, asphalt shingles are a composite product made from various materials that provide durability, toughness, and aesthetic appeal to any roofing project.
Installation and Maintenance
Asphalt shingles are a popular choice for roofing due to their ease of installation, durability, and affordability. However, proper installation and maintenance are essential to ensure the longevity and effectiveness of the roof.
To install asphalt shingles, it is recommended to use a minimum of 3/8″ (10 mm) plywood or OSB decking as recommended by APA-The Engineered Wood Association. The roof slope must be at least 2:12 or greater to ensure proper water drainage. It is important to use roofing nails compatible with the shingles and follow the manufacturer’s instructions for the number and placement of nails.
A drip edge is also recommended to prevent water from penetrating the roof edges. Additionally, underlayment should be used for overall secondary roof protection. IKO recommends using their GoldShield Ice & Water Protector for ice dam protection at the eaves.
Freddy & Son Roofing recommends hiring a professional roofing contractor to install asphalt shingles to ensure proper installation and take advantage of manufacturer warranties. Many manufacturers offer lifetime warranties for their asphalt shingles, which may be voided if installed improperly.
Maintenance of an asphalt shingle roof includes regular inspections for damage or wear, especially after severe weather events. Any damaged or missing shingles should be replaced promptly to prevent water damage to the roof deck. The self-sealing strip on the back of the shingles can also wear over time, so it is important to inspect for proper adhesion and replace any shingles that are not sealing properly.
In summary, proper installation and maintenance are essential for the longevity and effectiveness of an asphalt shingle roof. Hiring a professional roofing contractor, using compatible roofing nails, drip edge, and underlayment, and regularly inspecting and repairing any damage or wear can help ensure the roof’s durability and effectiveness.
Durability and Lifespan
Asphalt shingles are a popular roofing material because of their affordability, versatility, and durability. They can last anywhere from 15 to 30 years, depending on several factors, including weather conditions, maintenance, and the shingles’ quality.
One of the primary factors that can affect the lifespan of asphalt shingles is weather. Extreme heat, cold, and moisture can all cause damage to shingles over time. Shingles may also deteriorate quickly in areas with high levels of algae growth due to the growth of algae and other organisms. Weathering, the gradual breakdown of shingles due to exposure to the elements, can also shorten their lifespan.
Despite these factors, asphalt shingles are durable and can withstand impact and wind uplift. However, they can become brittle and develop cracks, leading to leaks and other damage.
To combat these issues, some manufacturers offer Class 4 shingles, which are impact-resistant and designed to withstand storm damage. These shingles are often recommended for areas prone to severe weather conditions.
Freddy & Son Roofing, a leading roofing company, offers a wide range of asphalt shingles designed to withstand various weather conditions and provide long-lasting protection for homes and businesses. Asphalt shingles can provide reliable and cost-effective roofing solutions with proper maintenance and installation for many years.
When it comes to roofing materials, cost is always a major consideration. Asphalt shingles are a popular choice because they are affordable and widely available. Asphalt shingles still dominate the US roofing industry, accounting for more than 70% of all residential, sloped roofs, including new construction and replacements.
The cost of asphalt shingles can vary depending on many factors, including the shingles’ quality, the roof’s size and complexity, and the property’s location. According to a 2023 guide by This Old House, most asphalt shingle roofs cost between $5,994 and $9,791. Modernize estimates that the average cost to install asphalt shingles on a standard 3,000 sq. foot roof ranges between $5,130 and $18,360, including materials and labor costs.
One of the advantages of asphalt shingles is that they are generally more affordable than other roofing materials, such as metal or tile. HomeAdvisor says most homeowners pay between $3.50 and $5.50 per square foot for asphalt shingle installation. Costs can be as low as $0.80 per square foot for very basic materials. One square of asphalt roof shingles covers 100 square feet and ranges in price from $80 to $550 per square (including installation).
It’s important to note that while asphalt shingles are affordable, they may not be the most cost-effective option in the long run. Asphalt shingles have a shorter lifespan than roofing materials like metal or tile. This means that homeowners may need to replace their asphalt shingle roof more frequently, which can add up over time.
When considering the cost of a new roof, homeowners should also factor in the cost of maintenance and repairs. While asphalt shingles are durable and require minimal maintenance, they may still need occasional repairs or replacement due to weather damage or wear and tear.
Overall, asphalt shingles are an affordable and widely available roofing option. While they may not be the most durable or long-lasting option, they are cost-effective for many homeowners. For those in the area looking for a reliable roofing contractor, Freddy & Son Roofing for the best asphalt roof installer is a local business with years of experience in installing and repairing asphalt shingle roofs.